Visiting Egypt

Egypt is the Land of Initiation, Knowledge, Wisdom  & Civilization. Throughout the ancient history of Egypt the ancient Egyptians were teaching and preaching the following:

There is only one God, Creator of the Universe
There is only one language, Language of Love
There is only one religion, Religion of the Heart

طوال تاريخ مصر القديمة كان المصريون القدماء يعلمون ويعظون بالتالي:

لا يوجد سوى إله واحد، خالق الكون
ليس هناك سوى لغة واحدة، لغة الحب
ليس هناك سوى دين واحد دين القلب

 

Geography
Egypt is the 29th biggest country in the world, covering a total area of 1,002,450 sq. km. It is located in the northeast corner of the African continent, on the Mediterranean Sea, at a crossroad between Africa, Asia and Europe. It is bordered to the east by the Red Sea, Palestine and Israel to the north-east, Libya to the west, and Sudan to the south.

The country is divided into 4 main geological areas:

- Nile Valley and Delta:
- Western Desert:
- Eastern Desert
- Sinai Peninsula:

Politics
Egypt is a Republic, the political system of which is democratic based on citizenship and relying on each of the legislative, executive and judicial branches, additionally to the press, political parties, local administrations and civil society institutions. Currency The Egyptian Pound (EGP) is the national currency in Egypt. The pound (or “Geneeh” in Arabic) is divided into 100 “piasters” (or “Ersh”). Egyptian banknotes come in denominations of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 pound, and 25 and 50 “piasters.”

Language
Egypt’s official language is Arabic, but foreign languages, such as English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish are also widely spoken, especially in educated circles.

History Brief
5000 years of civilization contributed to the cultural heritage of Egypt and to building the strength and independence of its citizens. The country’s history is a sequence of invasions, eras or glory, battles and victories, which can be split into the following main periods and milestones:

  • Pharaonic Era (3100 BC – 332 BC)
  • Greek Era (332 BC – 32 AD)
  • Roman Era (32 AD – 638 AD)
  • Coptic Era (starting from 65 AD)
  • Islamic Era: starting with the Islamic conquest of Egypt (640 AD – 1517 AD)
  • Ottoman Rule (1517 – 1882)
  • French Invasion (1798)
  • British Colonization of Egypt (1882 – 1952)
  • The 23rd of July Revolution (1952) after which Egypt is declared a Republic. British troops leave Egypt in 1954.
  • The 6th of October War (1973)
  • Egypt signs a Peace Treaty with Israel (1979) Hosni Mubarak is elected president of the Arab Republic of Egypt (1981)
  • The January popular Revolution begins against the Egyptian government (25 January 2011)
  • Hosni Mubarak steps down as President of the Arab Republic of Egypt (11 February 2011)
  • Mohammed Morsi became Egypt's first freely elected president (June 2012)

The People
Egypt is home to a multicultural society. Ethnic Egyptians constitute 95% of Egypt's total population whereas Egypt's minorities include Nubians, Berbers (Siwa Oasis), Bedouins, Arabs, Turks, and Greeks, additionally to small tribal communities: the Bejas and Doms.

The former are concentrated in the south-eastern corner of Egypt, and the latter live mostly in the Nile Delta and the Fayoum oasis which are progressively becoming assimilated into bigger cities as urbanization increases.

The Egyptians, from all origins, are known for their welcoming attitude towards tourists. If you respect the local customs and traditions, and avoid offending anyone, especially in places of worship and remote locations where some old traditions are maintained, you are sure to spend an unforgettable holiday in Egypt.

The Culture
There is no such thing as a unified "Egyptian Culture", for the simple reason that Egyptians form a multicultural society, where modernity and western customs flirt with traditions, where religious practices are moderate but where religion is still deeply anchored in the everyday life of the Egyptians...

However, Egyptians from all social strata, religious beliefs, or ethnic origins share a remarkable attachment to important social values, such as:

Family: Egyptians consider their family as an integral entity which they have to protect. Don't be surprised to notice that an Egyptian feels responsible for his whole family and the behaviour of his siblings, his parents, his cousins, etc.
Friendliness and Humour: Egyptians are known to be the most funny, friendly and helpful nation of the Middle East. They will go out of their way to help you in any troublesome situation, always with a smile. If you're sensitive to their humour, which is renowned world-wide, you'll be surprised to see how far a smile or a joke can take you in Egypt.

Weather
Egypt is a rather large country with 2 general seasons, a mild winter and a sunny summer. The majority of Egypt’s landscape is a desert, except for the White Mediterranean coast, the Nile Valley and the Delta. Between November and March the daytimes are pleasantly warm, whereas evenings and nights are cool and enjoyable in all of Egypt. In April and May temperatures are generally mild and this is an ideal time to visit any destination in Egypt. From June to September the weather is very hot, dry in the desert areas and humid in the Nile Valley and on the White Med coast. Sunglasses, sunscreen, a hat and good hydration are essential, and trips to the desert areas aren’t advisable in that period of the year. Late September and October, as well as April and May are thus ideal for touring Egypt. And the November to February period offers the pleasant balmy weather that is perfect for cruising down the Nile.

Egypt Tourism 2012, Egypt Tourism Authority. June 2012
www.egypt.travel/
 

 

We don't just SHOW you Egypt, we CONNECT you with Egypt!

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